18 April 2017

Tombstone Tuesday: Samuel and Eva Neuman, Montefiore Cemetery, Queens, New York

Samuel and Eva Neuman are one of those all-too-familiar couples whose family was affected by interruption of immigration during World War I. They lived apart for eight years before Eva was able to travel with their daughter Molly and join Sam in Chicago.

Samuel was the son of Eliya Neuman and was born in Shumsk, Kremenets Uyezd, Volhynia Gubernia, Russian Empire.[1] Only one record located, thus far, identifies his date of birth: 15 July 1881.[2] His passenger manifest listed him as a joiner. He became a carpenter in the United States.

Here lies
Simche son of Eliye
Died 16 Nisan 5711
May his soul be bound in the bonds of the living
SAMUEL
NEUMAN
DIED APR. 22, 1951
AGE 69 YEARS
----------
BELOVED HUSBAND
DEAR FATHER

After arriving in Baltimore on 12 March 1913, Simche headed to Chicago to join his cousin R. Greenberg. Eva, at that time called Rivka Leie, was in Labun, presumably staying with family.

Here lies
Our important and righteous mother
Rivka Leie daughter of Yisrael
Died 8 Av 5725
May her soul be bound in the bonds of the living
EVA 
NEUMAN
DIED JULY 25, 1966
AGE 81 YEARS

BELOVED MOTHER
GRANDMOTHER
GREAT GRANDMOTHER  

Rivka and her daughter Mania, age 9, arrived in New York City on the S.S. Lapland on 14 August 1921.[3] Before emigrating, Rivka and Mania had continued to live in Labun. Rivka reported that she left her mother Ruchla Szwacapol [Schwartzcapol] in Labun. She and her daughter, who was also born in Labun, were heading to Chicago to join Sam Neuman at 1922 W. Madison Street.

I have not located any additional record for the family in Chicago, but by the 1930 census enumeration, they lived in Brooklyn at 44 Boerum Street.[4] Molly, formerly Mania, was 19. Israel Neuman was 7 and had been born in New York.

In 1940, Sam, Eva, and Israel lived at 647 Sheffield Avenue, Brooklyn with Mollie, her husband Simon (or Sol) Smith and their two sons, Stanley R. and Herbert Smith.[5] Mollie and Sol married in November 1932.[6] 

Samuel's and Eva's graves are located in the First Lubiner Progressive Benevolent Association plot in block 89, gate 156N in Montefiore Cemetery. Sam's grave is in line 9R, grave 2 and Eva's is in line 9L, grave 3.

Notes:
1. Manifest, S.S. Hannover, 13 March 1913, list 17, line 13, Simche Neumann, age 31; images, "Baltimore Passenger Lists, 1820-1964," Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 17 April 2017).
2. U.S., World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942," images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 17 Aril 2017), card for Sam Neuman, serial no. U 966, Brooklyn, New York; NARA Record Group 147.
3. Manifest, S.S. Lapland, 14 August 1921, list 21, lines 11-12, Rywka Neiman, age 32, and Mania Neiman, age 9; images, New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1957," Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 23 April 2011).
4. 1930 U.S. census, Kings County, New York, population schedule, Brooklyn, enumeration district 24-178, sheet 1B, dwelling 2, family 20, Sam and Eva Neuman family; image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 10 November 2010); NARA microfilm publication T626, roll 1518.
5. 1940 U.S. census, Kings Co., NY, pop. sched., Brooklyn, e.d. 24-70, sheet 5A, household 79, Samuel and Eva Neuman family; image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 17 April 2017); NARA microfilm publication T627, roll 2548.
6. Kings County, New York, marriage certificate no. 16902 (1932), Sol Smith and Mollie Neuman, 27 November 1932; Municipal Archives, New York City.

11 April 2017

Tombstone Tuesday: Emil and Rozalia Berla, Beth Moses Cemetery, Pinelawn, NY

Nearly everyone I have previously profiled in my Tombstone Tuesday posts for the First Lubiner Progressive Benevolent Association burial plots have a demonstrable tie to the town of Lubin (aka Labun and, now, Yurovshchina, Ukraine). They were either born and/or raised there or were descended or related to someone who was. But, I do not yet understand why Emil and Rozalia Berla wound up in this landsmanshaft plot in Beth Moses Cemetery. [Update: I have had email communication with Emil and Rozalia's grandson and he reports that Rozalia's maternal uncle was Abe Krakowsky - a big macher in the First Lubiner Progressive Benevolent Association.]


FOREVER IN OUR HEARTS

Freidel Chaye daughter of Berel
May her soul be bound in the bonds of the living
ROZALIA BERLA
BELOVED WIFE
MOTHER
GRANDMOTHER
JUNE 13, 1924
DECEMBER 13, 2001

Manaim son of Yisrael
May his soul be bound in the bonds of the living
EMIL BERLA
BELOVED HUSBAND
FATHER
GRANDFATHER
DEC. 5, 1907
APR. 22, 1980

Both Emil and Rozalia survived the Holocaust. 

Emil was born in Halmeu, Satu Mari, Romania to Israel Berla and Loti Goldstein. During the war, Emil was imprisoned at Gross Rosen, Silesia (now Rogoznica, Poland) and Flossenburg - a forced labor camp in Bavaria.[1] His first wife and young daughter died. His parents were lost in Auschwitz in 1944.[2]

Rozalia was born in Cluj, Romania to Bernard Urbinder and Berta Wersberger.[3] Her parents and brother, Sol, died in Auschwitz. Her brother, Herschel, was reported missing in action while serving in the Hungarian Army. Rozalia held out hope, but never heard from him again.[4]

In 1971, when Emil was naturalized, they lived at 1565 Grand Concourse, Bronx, NY.[5] 

In 1991, when Rozalia filed Pages of Testimony with Yad Vashem, she lived at 1448 E. 96th Street, Brooklyn, NY.

In Googling their names, I found that Emil and Rozalia's grandson, an attorney, has established a scholarship in their names at Stony Brook University. The scholarship benefits a student who has shown excellence in history, especially history of the Holocaust.

Emil's and Rozalia's graves are located in the First Lubiner Progressive Benevolent Association plot, block 24, Maccabee Road, Beth Moses Cemetery, Pinelawn, New York.   

Notes:
1. "Gross Rosen Lists," entry for Emil Berla, born 5 December 1907; index, JewishGen (http://www.jewishgen.org : accessed 11 April 2017).
  "Flossenburg Prisoner Lists," entry for Emil Berla, born 5 December 1907; index, JewishGen (http://www.jewishgen.org : accessed 11 April 2017).
2. Edith Rosenbaum, Page of Testimony for Israel Berla, submitted 8 October 2010; images, Yad Vashem (http://www.yadvashem.org/ : accessed 11 April 2017).
3. "U.S., Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007," entry for Rozalia Urbinder Berla; index, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 20 December 2016).
4. Rosz Berla, Pages of Testimony for Bernard Urbinder, Berta Urbinder, Sol Urbinder and Herschel Urbinder, submitted 13 June 1991; images, Yad Vashem (http://www.yadvashem.org/ : accessed 11 April 2017). 
5. "New York, Index to Petitions for Naturalization Filed in New York City, 1792-1989," entry for Emil Berla, naturalization file no. 797839, U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York; image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 20 December 2016).

04 April 2017

Tombstone Tuesday: Alex Schwartz and Mollie Markowitz Schwartz, Beth Moses Cemetery, Pinelawn, New York

I love that the person who ordered a tombstone for Mollie Schwartz decided to honor her maiden name on her stone - a genealogist's dream come true. Having this bit of information made it possible to locate their marriage record (and parents' names). This additional information made identifying records for Mollie and her husband Alex Schwartz a bit easier.
SCHWARTZ

Malka daughter of Avraham Yitzchak
MOLLIE
DEARLY BELOVED
WIFE - MOTHER
GRANDMOTHER
OCT. 23, 1889
MARCH 27, 1961
NEE MARKOWITZ

Eliyahu son of Moshe Chaim
ALEX
DEARLY BELOVED
HUSBAND - FATHER
GRANDFATHER
APRIL 14, 1889
OCT. 23, 1958

May their souls be bound in the bonds of the living

Mollie was born in Buhusi, Romania (likely Buhu┼či) to Abraham and Bessie Markowitz and, according to her naturalization petition, arrived in New York in October 1900. I have been unable, thus far, to find her on a passenger manifest.[1]

Alex Schwartz was born in Labun to Morris and Sophie Bresner. He reported that he arrived in New York from Hamburg on the S.S. Batavia in October 1905.[2] Thus far, I have not been able to locate his passenger manifest record either. No Batavia voyage landed in New York in October 1905. I have also checked manifests for arrivals on 29 September and 18 November 1905 and Hamburg manifests. I have not seen a candidate passenger who may have been Alex Schwartz. I suppose records manifest from 1904 and 1906 will be next on the list to check. (I would not be surprised if his surname upon arrival was not Schwartz at all!)

Alex and Mollie married on 2 April 1911 in Manhattan.[3] 

By January 1920, the next record on which I have located the couple, they lived at either 1473 Second Avenue, in Manhattan.[4] Alexander Schwartz, a glazier, owned his own glass store. He and Molly had three daughters: Helen, Pearl and Adele.

In June 1925 they lived at 1447 2nd Avenue.[5]

Molly naturalized on 19 December 1927.[6] Alex became a citizen on 12 May 1930.[7]  

By April 1930, the family lived at 1491 Shakespeare Avenue in the Bronx.[8] And in 1940, the remained in the Bronx at 1161 Jerome Avenue.[9] By that time, their eldest daughter had married Elias Klein. Helen, Elias, and their son Arthur resided with family.

In 1942, Alex reported that his store was located at 1875 Straus Street in Brooklyn.[10]

There is a possibility that Alex was the brother of another glazier from  Labun, Samuel Schwartz (who was married to Eva). Both Sam's and Alex's tombstones indicate that their father's name was Moshe Chaim. While Sam's death certificate (informed by his daughter Ruth Schwartz Brown) shows his father as Morris and his mother as Shirley Simon, Alex's indexed marriage cert on FamilySearch indicates that  his father was Morris and his mother Sophie Bresner (It is always better to work from an original record, so a copy of Alex's marriage certificate has been ordered). As both the fathers' and mothers' names have likely been Anglicized without those named people ever living in the USA, the differences may be irrelevant. Mothers' last names, however, would require further work. It is possible that:
  • their fathers' same names is a coincidence; 
  • that they had the same father and different mother's, or 
  • that Ruth Brown was misinformed about her grandmother's maiden name.
The graves of Alex Schwartz and Mollie Markowitz Schwartz are located in the First Lubiner Progressive Benevolent Association plot in Beth Moses Cemetery, block 24, Maccabee Road, Pinelawn, Suffolk County, New York 

Notes:
1. Mollie Schwartz, petition for naturalization no. 92460 (1927), Southern District of New York; images, "New York, Naturalization Records, 1882-1944," Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 2 April 2017).
2. Alexander Schwartz, petition for naturalization no. 157964 (1930), Southern District of New York; images, "New York, Naturalization Records, 1882-1944," Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 2 April 2017).
3. "New York, New York City Marriage Records, 1829-1940," online index, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org : accessed 2 April 2017); Alexander Schwartz and Mollie Markawitz, certificate no. 7591, 2 April 1911. [Copy of original record has been ordered from the NYC Municipal Archives.]
4. 1920 U.S. Census, New York County, New York, population schedule, Manhattan, enumeration district 1034, dwelling 2, family 113, Alexander and Molly [indexed as Miolly] Schwartz family; images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 2 April 2017); NARA microfilm publication T 625, roll 1211.
5. 1925 New York State Census, New York County, New York, enumeration of inhabitants, Manhattan, assembly district 14, election district 36, p. 40, entries 31-38, Alex and Molly Schwartz family; images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 2 April 2017); citing New York State Archives, Albany.
6. Mollie Schwartz, petition for naturalization no. 92460 (1927), Southern District of New York.
7. Alexander Schwartz, petition for naturalization no. 157964 (1930), Southern District of New Yor.
8. 1930 U.S. Census, Bronx County, NY, pop. sched., the Bronx, e.d. 3-168, sheet 2A, dwell. 10, fam. 43, Alex and Molly Schwartz family; images, Ancestry; NARA microfilm pub. T626, roll 1468.
9. 1940 U.S. Census, Bronx County, NY, pop. sched., the Bronx, e.d. 3-248B, sheet 2B, household 32, Alex and Molly Schwartz family; images, Ancestry; NARA microfilm pub. T627, roll 2466.
10. "U.S., World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942," images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 2 April 2017); entry for Alexander Schwartz, Serial number U-357, Bronx, NY; citing NARA Record Group 147.

28 March 2017

Tombstone Tuesday: Estelle Sadowsky, Montefiore Cemetery, Queens, New York

Estelle Sadowsky was not technically a Lubiner (i.e., she was not born and/or raised in the town and she was not descended from someone who was). She was the sister of David Rosenheck and sister-in-law of Ruth Garber Rosenheck, who was born in and immigrated as a child from Labun. Ruth was my father's first cousin and daughter of Nathan and Yetta Garber.

Here Lies
Ester Chaye
daughter of Yehuda
Died 8 Nisan 5701
May her soul be bound in the bonds of the living
----------
ESTELLE
SADOWSKY
DIED
APR. 5, 1941
AGE 26 YEARS
----------
BELOVED WIFE
AND DEAR MOTHER

Estera Rosenheck was born and resided in Tlumachek, Kolomyya district, Galicia, Austrian Empire to Juda and Sophie Rosenheck. When she left home for the United States, Tlumachek was part of Poland.

Estera Rosenheck sailed to the United States with her older brother Dawid and younger brother Josef in December 1929.[1] She was reported as 22 (born about 1907). The siblings embarked at Southampton, United Kingdom on the S.S. Leviathan and arrived in New York harbor on 24 December 1929. Their father Juda was still living in the Old Country and they reported that they were headed to their uncle Sam Rosenheck in Monticello, Sullivan County, New York.
Estelle in 1934 [2]
Estelle Rosenheck married Max Sadowsky on 22 December 1935 in Brooklyn.[2]

When Estelle naturalized in 1937, she reported her birth date as 11 April 1907 (consistent with her age as shown on her passenger manifest).[2] 

In April 1940, when the U.S. census was taken, Max and Estelle lived with their daughter Loretta and Estelle's brother, Joe, in an apartment at 6401 24th Avenue, Brooklyn.[3] Both Max and Joe, like Estelle's other brother, David Rosenheck, sold fruit. 

Estelle died at Long Island College Hospital on 5 April 1941. Her date of birth reported on her death certificate was 18 April 1914. She birth date may have been fudged a bit since she was, apparently, older than her husband Max. At that time, it was expected that women would be younger than their husbands. Estelle died during surgery for a cancerous bowel obstruction. If she was born in 1907, she would have actually have been 34 years old at death - not 26. This was still very young and she left a small child at home. 

Her last residence was at 1565 West 11th Street in Brooklyn.

Estelle's grave is in one of the First Lubiner Progressive Benevolent Association burial plots in Montefiore Cemetery, Queens, New York: block 5, gate 567W, line 1L, grave 4.

Notes:
1. Manifest, S.S. Leviathan, 24 December 1929, stamped p. 92, line 7, Dawid Rosenheck, age 25; images, "New York, Passenger Lists, 1820-1957," Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 21 March 2017).
2. Estelle Sadowsky, naturalization file no. 229053, 25 May 1937, Eastern District of New York; Record Group 21: Records of the District Courts of the United States; National Archives - Northeast Region, New York City.
"NYC Grooms Record Index," Italian Genealogical Group (http://www.italiangen.org : accessed 25 March 2017), entry for Max Sadowsky and Estelle Rosenheck [indexed as Rosenbek], Kings County marriage certificate no. 21825, 22 December 1935. Copy of record on order.
3. 1940 U.S. Census, Kings County, population schedule, Brooklyn, enumeration district 24-1816, sheet 7B, household 166, Estelle Sadowsky; images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 19 March 2017); citing NARA microfilm publication T627, roll 2593. 

21 March 2017

Tombstone Tuesday: David Rosenheck, Montefiore Cemetery, Queens, New York

David Rosenheck married my father's first cousin Ruth Garber, daughter of my great uncle Nathan Garber and his wife Yetta.
 
FATHER
EVER IN OUR HEARTS

Here lies
David son of Yehuda

DAVID
ROSENHECK

Additional inscription (not visible due to the thick hedge) on this stone indicates that Dave Rosenheck died on 9 March 1963 at the age of 56.

Based upon other records, it is likely that Dave was actually 60 years old when he died - still too young. His petition for naturalization showed he was born on 23 December 1903 in Tlumachek, Austrian Empire.[1] This 1903 date would be consistent with his age, 25, when he boarded the S.S. Leviathan in mid-December 1929 to emigrate.[2] Dawid Rosenheck, his brother Josef and his sister Estera left Southampton, U.K. and arrived in New York on 24 December 1929.

Dave was born to Juda Rosenheck and his wife Sophie.[3]

I do not yet know the exact date when Dave and Ruth married, but by April 1940 they were living with their month-old daughter Susan at 1514 West 11th Street in Brooklyn.[4] 

Two years later, they'd moved down the street to 1547 West 11th Street, Brooklyn.[5]

Several years later they had their son Jay.

Around 1950 they moved to 1724 E. 15th Street. From 1958 on, they lived at 1110 Avenue Z, Brooklyn.

Dave owned a store near West 10th Street and Avenue O selling fruit. Later, he moved it to Woodruff Avenue near Prospect Park. Business suffered after a big box store opened nearby. Dave closed the store and went to work for them.[6]

David Rosenheck's grave is located in one of the First Lubiner Progressive Benevolent Association plots in Montefiore Cemetery: Block 5, gate 567W, line 2R, grave 9.

Notes:
1. This community is now called Tovmachyk in Ukraine and is located 7 miles west-northwest of the Galician city of Kolomyya. 
David Rosenheck petition for naturalization no. 207457 (17 December 1935), Eastern District of New York; Record Group 21: records of the District Courts of the United States; National Archives - Northeast Region, New York City.
2. Manifest, S.S. Leviathan, 24 December 1929, stamped p. 92, line 7, Dawid Rosenheck, age 25; images, "New York, Passenger Lists, 1820-1957," Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 21 March 2017).
3. New York County, New York, certificate of death no. 7708 (1941), Estelle Sadowsky, 5 April 1941; Municipal Archives, New York City.
4. The indexed NYC marrriage records at the German Genealogy Group website don't clearly link Ruth Garber and David Rosenheck. It appears they may have married on 26 December 1936 (recorded in 1937) in Kings County (Brooklyn). I have not yet ordered the original record.
1940 U.S. Census, Kings County, population schedule, Brooklyn, enumeration district 24-1823, sheet 8A, household 148, Dave and Ruth Rosenheck; images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 16 December 2013); citing NARA microfilm publication T627, roll 2593.
5. "U.S., World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942," images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 25 March 2008), entry for Nathan Garber, serial no. U2645, Brooklyn, New York; citing NARA Record group 147, "Records of the Selective Service System," NAI no. 255597. 
6. Jay Rosenheck, to Emily Garber, email, 19 March 2017, "Questions about your parents"; Garber file, privately held by Garber.