07 March 2013

Treaure Chest Thursday: Jutte Ett Birth Record

Jutte Ett Barath was the only Ett child who did not emigrate from the Austro-Hungarian Empire (today's Ukraine). She was the youngest of six siblings: Gittl Ett, Clara (Chaitza) Ett Rappaport, Sarah Ett Cohn, David Ett, Sophie (Sprintze) Ett Leiner, Jutte Ett Barath). Jutte and her husband Moshe Barath were murdered in 1941 when the German's occupied their community and shipped all the Jewish people to a ghetto in Tluste (14 miles north of their home town of Zaleszczyki). Their two children escaped harm and emigrated after World War II.

I have found the Wenkert and Ett family mostly in the area of Zaleszczyki, Ukraine, including the villages of Ustechko and Torskie (6.1 kilometers west of Ustechko). However, as noted in a previous post, Jutte's mother Perl died on 17 August 1895 in Skole, about 240 kilometers west-north-west of Zaleszczyki. The record, below, indicates that the family was in Skole when Jutte was born in January 1894.

Birth Record for Jutte Ett, 21 January 1894, Jewish Metrical Books, Town of Skole Deaths 1878-80 & 1883-1903, Stanislawow Wojewodztwa, Fond 300, Year 1894, Akta 6, Sygnatura 1149, Archiwum Giowne Akt Dawnych (Central Archives of Historical Records), Warsaw, Poland.
Translation of first page:
Column Heading
Record Number
Date of Birth (day/month/year)
21 January 1894
Location: Town/House number
Date of Bris or Naming (d/mo/yr)
22 January 1894
Location: Town/house number
Child’s Given Name
Born Legitimate or Illegitimate
Father’s Name, Surname, Occupation and Place of Residence

Translation of second page:
Column Heading
Mother’s Name, civil marriage status, occupation, parents names, place of residence
Perl Wenkert from Skole, daughter of the couple Israel Hersch and Rosa Wenkert, lived in Zaleszczyki.  Married in a religious ceremony, Leib Heth, laborer in Skole [factory? fabric?]
Signature of Official or Witness and place of residence
Leibish Gottfried [occupation?] from Skole
Signature of Mohel and place of residence
Signature of Midwife and place of residence
Selde Fuchsgelle from Skole
Report of Stillbirth

Born Legitimate or illegitimate:

During this time the Austro-Hungarian Empire required that Jewish people comply with civil marriage laws and register marriages with civil authorities. Many chose to have religious marriage ceremonies not in compliance with these laws. When this occurred and when children of the union were born, the government considered the children illegitimate and the child's legal surname would often be recorded as his/her mother's surname. [1]

In Jutte's case, we can see on the first page that her birth is considered illegitimate. On the second page the note acknowledges that Jutte's parents had had a religious marriage ceremony. 

1. Wynne, Suzan F. The Galitzianers: The Jews of Galicia, 1772-1918, Wheatmark: 2006, p. 59.

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