25 March 2012

1940 U.S. Census: Finding the Garbers

I've been getting my Garber research organized so I'll be ready for the 1940 U.S. Census when it becomes available and is posted online by the National Archives and Records Administration at 9:00 AM (Eastern Time) on Monday, April 2, 2012.  Of course the challenge is that there will be no index available for six or more months while genealogists feverishly work to index the records. So, I've been searching my records and contacting relatives to try to nail down just where people lived on April 2, 1940 when the Census enumerators first started their rounds.

I've been researching the immediate descendants of patriarch Avram Garber who died in 1928 in New York, New York.  His wife (and their mother) Chana died sometime before he and his two youngest children (Feigah/Fannie and Aron/Eddie) emigrated in 1922. Two of his daughters, Perl and Sarah never left the Soviet Union. Perl's husband, Isseck Zabarsky, made his way to the USA in 1935.  Unfortunately he was unable to get the rest of his family out of the Soviet Union. Except for his son, Usher (who was serving in the Soviet army), the rest of Isseck's family perished in 1941 at the hands of the Nazis in Lubin. Sarah (or Sura) evacuated to the interior of the Soviet Union with her family before the Nazis arrived and she and her family lived out their lives in Troitsk.

Below, I have listed the U.S. residences found in the records closest in time to 1940. The enumeration districts (ED), determined by plotting the addresses on Google Maps and then entering nearby surrounding streets in the tutorial program on the SteveMorse.org website, are shown in blue.
                                                                                                                Enumeration District
Nathan & Yetta Garber
1933   2172 E. 7th Street, Brooklyn, NY [1]     ED 24-388   
1942   2172 E. 7th Street, Brooklyn, NY [2]    

Max & Mary Garber
1935   1948 E. 12th Street, Brooklyn, NY [3]    ED 24-355
1942   1949 E. 4th Street, Brooklyn, NY [4]     ED 24-1836
 
Jack & Dora Garber
1942   922 Avenue O, Brooklyn, NY [5]           ED 24-346 

Fannie & Max Buchman
1938/9 1262 Boynton Avenue, Bronx, NY [6]       ED 3-956
 
Eddie & Esther Garber
1938   386 Prospect Place, Brooklyn, NY [7]     ED 24-1191
<1952  706 Washington Avenue, Brooklyn, NY [7]  ED 24-1190

Isseck Zabarsky
1942   2212 E. 7th Street, Brooklyn, NY [8]     ED 24-388

While I expect to find Nathan and Yetta (who stayed at the same house) and Fannie and Max (who lived at their address until about 1952), finding any others in these Enumeration Districts will be a pleasant surprise.  If these addresses do not match the real 1940 addresses, I will likely have to wait until the indices are completed for New York State.

Of course, my search will be ever so much easier once indices are available for the 1940 U.S. Census. Join this massive volunteer effort at 1940 U.S. Census project website.
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Notes
1. R.L. Polk & Co.'s 1933-4 Brooklyn City Directory, (New York City, NY: R.L. Pllk & Co., Inc., 1933), 760, entry for "Garber, Nathan"; digital image, Ancestry.com (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 25 March 2012).
2. "U.S. World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942," digital images, Ancestry.com (http://ancestry.com : accessed 25 March 2012), card for Nathan Garber, no. U2645, Brooklyn, New York, citing United States Selective Service Registration Cards, World War II, Fourth registration, National Archives and records Administration microfilm publication M 1939.
3. "Petition for Naturalization of the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York, 1865-1937," digital images, Fold3.com (http://www.fold3.com : accessed 25 March 2012), Petition for Naturalization No. 209101, Max Garber, 28 October 1935; citing National Archives and records Administration microfilm publication M1879.
4. "U.S. World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942," digital images, Ancestry.com, card for Max Garber, no. U1452, Brooklyn, NY.
5. "U.S. World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942," digital images, Ancestry.com, card for Jacob Garber, no. U467, Brooklyn, NY.
6. Sandra Bizenov to Emily Garber, e-mail, 19 March 2012.
7. Annette Garber to Emily Garber, e-mail, 19 March 2012.
8. "U.S. World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942," digital images, Ancestry.com, card for Isseck Zabarsky, no. U945, Brooklyn, NY.

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