18 May 2017

New! Jewish Geneabloggers List

Emily Garber ©️ 2013
Recently, Thomas MacEntee announced that he will no longer update his blog GeneaBloggers and his Genealogy Blog Roll. Thomas' blog roll has more than 3,000 genealogy blog listings and it has been not only a useful source for readers, but also a useful marketing tool for bloggers.

I do not intend to completely duplicate those functions, but I have recently gone through GeneaBloggers' Blog Roll and extracted the blogs that self-identify with Jewish genealogy. I have accessed each, noted which ones are actively blogging (arbitrarily defined as publishing new posts in 2017) and which ones seem to be on hiatus. I have also added a few blogs that I know are relevant, but were not listed on GeneaBloggers.

I intend to keep this list current. How current will depend upon how many Jewish bloggers contact me when they start new blogs or restart old ones.

You may visit this new resource via the tab, above: Jewish Geneabloggers.*

If you are a Jewish genealogy blogger and you are not listed, please let me know via the email address shown on the Jewish Geneabloggers page.
--------------------------
* In case you are wondering, I asked Thomas MacEntee if it would be alright for me to use the term "geneabloggers." He gave me permission.

14 May 2017

Happy Mothers' Day Mitochondrial DNA haplogroup H7e!

A couple of years ago I posted a Mother's Day homage to my mother's mother's mother's line (mitochondrial haplogroup L2a1l2a). This year let's talk about my father's mother's mother's mother's line (mtDNA haplogroup H7e).
 
Happy Mother's Day to my late grandmother Dora, great grandmother Sarah, great great grandmother Ida (Chaye Sura) and my great great great grandmother Devora!

I do not know Devora Kesselman's maiden name (if she had one). Nor do I know if she and her husband Baruch Yisrael Kesselman had any children beyond my great great grandmother Chaya Sura. 


Morris family: (l-r) Jeannette, Max, Sarah, Murray, Esther and Dora; inset is Saul
Chaye Sura adopted the name Ida after she arrived in the USA with her husband David Malzmann (later Myers) in 1913. She was born about 1844 in the Russian Empire and died in the Bronx on 16 November 1926. David and Ida had six children: Myer, Sarah (my great grandmother), Rebecca, Louis, Joseph and Harry. It would seem to me that some member of the Myers family must have some photos of David and Ida Myers. But, so far, I have not located anyone with a family archive.

My great grandmother Sarah was born about 1876 in Labun, Volhynia Gubernia, Russian Empire and married Itzig Mazewitsky. She died on 9 August 1956 in the Bronx. Itzig adopted the name Isidor Morris upon immigration to New York City in 1906. Sarah followed with their children in 1910. She and Isidor had six children: Dora (my grandmother), Jeannette, Max, Murray, Esther and, their only US-born child, Saul.

Isidor and Sarah's eldest child was my grandmother, Dora. She married her first cousin (Isidor Morris' sister's son) Jack Garber in New York City in 1916. Dora  (originally Dvora) was born in Labun about 1897 and died in Brooklyn in 1954. Jack and Dora had three children: Leah, Bernard and Leonard.

Two of my cousins tested to identify this line's mtDNA haplogroup. One is a grandchild of Sarah Myers Morris and the other is a great grandchild. Interestingly, they are each other's only exact matches for mtDNA. There are 45 matches at a genetic distance (mutation) of 1; 39 at 2 and 6 at 3. This indicates the possibility of a fairly recent mutation separating this line from others in the haplogroup. If we ever find another previously unpredicted exact match, we'll likely have a cousin.

11 May 2017

New York City Marriage Licenses, 1907-1995: Machine Searchable and Online!

Reclaim the Records continues to impact availability of records. Today in my usual daily search for what's new on a variety of genealogy websites, I noted that Ancestry has posted a new database: "New York City, Marriage Indexes, 1907-1995."

About four years ago, I ordered and received my parents' marriage license application from the New York City Clerk's Office. I posted about it here. I had been able to order it because I had gone to the Municipal Archives and, knowing when my parents had married (9 February 1947), browsed through microfilm until I found the indexed record. I did the same for my father's parents' marriage license and affidavit, although I was able to acquire the actual record from the Municipal Archives.

Recently, Brooke Schreier Ganz and Reclaim the Records made the process much easier when they forced the hand of New York City agencies (the Municipal Archives and the Clerk's Office) and acquired and arranged for digitization of pages from index books for these records.

The records, now online at Internet Archive, have been wonderful. They do require a bit of researcher effort, however, to find the marriage records one seeks. The book indexes are organized by borough, year, quarter of the year and then grouped alphabetically (and separately) for grooms and brides. If one can narrow the time frame for when a couple may have married, one may locate the name of either the bride or groom and then confirm the record in the index by checking for the name of his/her spouse.

There is an ongoing volunteer effort to index these records via Crowd Source Indexing (CSI). And I encourage participation in these kinds of volunteer efforts - especially since the indexes created in the CSI platform will, ultimately, be freely available.

In the meantime, however, access to indexed records via Ancestry (using a personal or library subscription) is a great option. It has been Reclaim the Records' notion that these records should be freely available to all. Thus, Ancestry could upload them, as well. Ancestry has added value by creating their own index.

One of the records I'd been trying to locate was for the marriage of my great uncle Max Liebross and his first wife, Anna Bernstein. For some unknown reason, their nuptials are not listed in any of the standard online NYC marriage indexes that go through 1937 (Italian Genealogy Group and German Genealogy Group, Ancestry or FamilySearch). But, a few weeks ago, browsing the Internet Archive database, I was able to locate Max and Anna's application for their license.

Fig. 1. Max Liebross NYC Marriage License index page, detail
Fig. 2. Anne Berkowitz NYC Marriage License index page, detail
To be sure I had the correct record for the correct couple, I had to check both brides' and grooms' indexes separately.

I ordered the record, shown below from the Municipal Archives. 

Fig. 3. Affidavit for License to Marry, Max Liebross and Anne Berkowitz, 8 April 1912
Unfortunately, Rabbi Gottshalk, who married Max and Anne, did not, apparently, return the clergyman's part of the record. There was only one page filed. In contrast, see my grandparents' record). I now know that Max and Anne married sometime after 8 April 1912, when they applied for their license, and I can start searching for their marriage certificate, if there is one. 

Ancestry's index matches up brides and grooms, which simplifies the search process. If I search on Max Liebross in 1912 I will immediately see his intended's name in the search results, assuring that I have the correct couple.


Even better, however, if I search on Max Liebross with no year specified, I can find all three of his marriages (I had thought there were only two!). These indexed records were not available to me because the existing online indexes for certificates, mentioned previously, only go through 1937. I knew about Anne because she was the mother of Max's children. I knew about Fanny because she is buried in Mount Lebanon Cemetery with other Liebross relatives. I had no idea about Gussie.


The record one will view if one clicks on View Record, is the handwritten index page (similar to the detail shown in Figure 1, above).

One peculiar thing about Ancestry's new database is the contrast between what may be searched and what may be browsed. Search results seem to locate records within the time frame indicated in the title of the database: 1907-1995. But the listings in the browse area are not as comprehensive.

The following years may be browsed for the New York City boroughs:
  • Bronx 1914-1951
  • Brooklyn 1908-1951
  • Manhattan 1908-1951
  • Queens 1908-1953
  • Staten Island 1908-1960
Ordinarily, I would expect more records to be available for browsing than than searching via an index. But, in this case, go ahead and search first. 

I searched for my grandfather Jack Garber's second marriage (after my grandmother died in 1954). I found the following in Ancestry's database.

So, it appears that those records not yet included for browsing may have been indexed with no image attached.

Well, don't call or write me this evening. I will be busy.

02 May 2017

Tombstone Tuesday: Shelly Stedman, Beth Moses Cemetery, Pinelawn, New York

Sheldon Leonard Stedman was born in New York City on 12 August 1930, the first of two sons born to Sam Stedman and Ida Schwartz.

In 1925, a few months before his birth, Shelly's parents lived in the Bronx at 897 Bryant Street.[1] His father was a glazier, selling mirror and glass.

Sometime, likely after 1935, Shelly and his family moved to 1048 Boynton Avenue in the Bronx.[2] They stayed at that address at least into the mid 1950s, when Shelly's younger brother served in Japan with the U.S. Army.[3]

Before moving to Boynton Beach in retirement, Shelly lived with his wife and children in New City, Rockland County, New York.[4] His first land purchase in Palm Beach County was in 1999.[5]

Shelly's Social Security Death index record indicates that his last residence before his death on 14 April 2005 was in Boynton Beach, Palm Beach County, Florida.[6]

Sheldon L. Stedman's grave is in the First Lubiner Progressive Benevolent Association plot in Beth Moses Cemetery, 24 Maccabee Road, Pinelawn, New York.

Notes:
1. 1930 U.S. Census, Bronx County, population schedule, Bronx, enumeration district 3-368, sheet 24A, dwelling 463, family 463, Sam and Ida Stedman; images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 24 April 2017); NARA microfilm publication T626, roll 1475.
2. 1940 U.S. Census, Bronx Co., pop. sched., Bronx, e.d. 3-371, sheet 11B, household 216, Sam and Ida Stedman family; images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 24 April 2017); NARA microfilm publication T627, roll 2485.
3. "Uptowners in the Service," New York Post (New York, NY), 21 August 1955, p. 6, col. 2; images, Fulton History (http://www.fultonhistory.com : accessed 30 April 2017). 
4. Sheldon Stedman, deed and mortgage instruments dated 1970-1989, Land Records database, index and images, Rockland County Clerk (New York) (http://rocklandgov.com/departments/clerks-office/land-records/ : accessed 30 April 2017).
5.  Sheldon Stedman, deed and mortgage instruments, Official Records database, index and images, Palm Beach County Clerk (Florida) (http://www.mypalmbeachclerk.com/officialrecords/search.aspx : accessed 30 April 2017).
6. "U.S. Social Security Death Index, 1935-2014," index, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 24 April 2017); Sheldon L. Stedman, 14 April 2005.

25 April 2017

Tombstone Tuesday: Samuel and Ida Stedman, Beth Moses Cemetery, Pinelawn, New York

I just love this stuff! Often while I am researching one person or couple whose graves are in one of the First Lubiner Progressive Benevolent Association plots, I find their (previously unknown to me) relatives. Sometimes, as in the case of today's subjects, I find a child who I previously could not locate. Such is the case with Ida Stedman.

STEDMAN

Here lies
Yisrael son of Shlomo Leib
SAMUEL
JAN. 10, 1906
DEC. 7, 1976
BELOVED [...]

Here lies
Chaya Sarah daughter of Yoel
IDA
JULY 4, 1907
SEPT. 10, 1976

Srul Stutman arrived in Boston, Massachusetts on 15 February 1921 with his widowed mother Perla and his brothers Shajka and Lejser.[1] They reported that they had all been born in Labun and has been living in "Palana" (i.e., Polonne) before emigration. 

In 1925, mother Pauline, Sam, Sol, and Louis lived at 236 Madison Street in Manhattan with lodger Samuel Strovsky.[2] Sam "Stateman" was 18 and working as a dress shipper.

Some time before November of that year, when he applied to start the citizenship process, Sam started working as a glazier.[3] He became a citizen on 23 August 1928.

Sam and Ida Schwartz married in Manhattan on 31 August 1929.[4] April 1930 found the newly-weds at 897 Bryant Street in the Bronx.[5] In 1940, they were still in the Bronx, but at 1048 Boynton Avenue.[6] They had two sons: Sheldon and Howard. Sheldon, born on 12 August 1930, passed away on 14 August 2005. His grave is in this same plot at Beth Moses Cemetery.

Sam and Ida's marriage record and Sheldon's Social Security Applications and Claims Index record (i.e. information from processing Social Security claims), indicates that Ida's maiden name had been Schwartz.[7] Her marriage certificate indicates that her father was Sam and her mother Eva Gellman.

Ida's parents names and the information from her gravestone (her father's Hebrew name was Yoel) link her to the Samuel and Eva Kelman Schwartz, members of the First Lubiner Progressive Benevolent Association who rest in Montefiore Cemetery. Ida Schwartz's age, as shown in the Schwartz family's 1925 New York State Census enumeration, is within a year or so of Ida Stedman's age, as reported on her gravestone.[8] In addition, Ida is not with the Schwartz family in the 1930 census - as would be expected since Ida and Sam Stedman married in 1929.[9]

Sam and Ida Stedman's graves are located in the First Lubiner Progressive Benevolent Association plot in Beth Moses Cemetery, Maccabee Road, Pinelawn, New York.

Notes:
1. Manifest, S.S. Finland, 21 February 1921, list 24, line 6, Srul Stutman, age 14; images, "Massachusetts, Passenger and Crew Lists, 1820-1963," Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 24 April 2017).
2. 1925 New York State Census, New York County, New York, enumeration of inhabitants, Manhattan, assembly district 1, election district 7, p. 25, Sam Stateman; images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 25 April 2017); citing New York State Archives, Albany.
3. Sam Stedman declaration of intention (1925) naturalization file no. 127866, Southern District of New York; images, "New York, Naturalization Records, 1882-1944," Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : 24 April 2017).
4. New York County, New York, marriage certificate no. 21106 (1929), Samuel Stedman and Ida Schwartz, 31 August 1929; Municipal Archives, New York City.
5. 1939 U.S. Census, Bronx County, New York, population schedule, Bronx, enumeration district 3-368, sheet 24A, dwelling 463, family 463, Sam and Ida Stedman; images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 24 April 2017); citing NARA microfilm publication T626, roll 1475.
6. 1940 U.S. Census. Bronx Co., NY, pop. sched., Bronx, E.D. 3-971, p. 11B, household 216, Sam and Ida Stedman family; images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 24 April 2017); NARA microfilm publication T627, roll 2485.
7. "U.S., Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007," index, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 24 April 2017); entry for Sheldon Leonard Stedman, no. 107-22-1683.
8. 1925 New York State Census, New York County, New York, enumeration of inhabitants, Manhattan, assembly district 12, election district 5, Ida Schwartz; images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed  21 April 2015); New York State Archives, Albany.
9. 1930 U.S. Census, New York Co., NY, pop. sched., Manhattan, E.D. 31-580B, sheet 28A, family 504, Samuel and Eva Schwartz family; images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 21 April 2015); citing NARA microfilm publication T626, roll 1651.

23 April 2017

In Memorium: the Moische and Munye Mazewitsky families

In honor of Yom Hashoah. A remembrance of the Mazewitsky family.

I have a few relatively rare surnames in my family. And, then, I have Mazewitsky. It's not just rare. It's nearly singular (I have seen a couple of other Mazewitsky family - or similar - USA records, but none that I can tie to my Mazewitskys). My great grandfather, Isidore, changed Mazewitsky to Morris shortly after arrival in New York City in 1906. So, none of his descendants carried the Mazewitsky name in this country.

When I first started my family history journey, my cousin, Hal, the acknowledged Morris family historian, was not aware that any of Isidore's siblings came to the USA. But, he did affirm that my great grandmother Chana Mazewitsky Garber (who died likely before 1922) was Isidore's sister (my paternal grandparents were first cousins). He also told me that Isadore and Chana had two brothers in the old country. He thought their names were Moische and Munye. Isidore's death certificate and tombstone report that his father's name had been Solomon (or, in Hebrew, Shlomo).[1]

1912 Labun Voters List
So far, no vital record or revision lists (similar to census records) have been located for my paternal families' hometown of Labun, Ukraine. A few years ago, however, Alex Dunai, a researcher in Ukraine, located the 1912 Voters' List I sought from the Zhytomyr Archive.[2] Two Mazewitskys are listed:
  • 1099 Avrum Matsevitskiy son of Shlemo
  • 1101 Moische-Elye Matsevitskiy son of Shimon 
Avrum's father's name matches Isadore's. Moische's first name matches what Hal told me. While Shlomo and Shimon are not the same name, it is possible that one was recorded incorrectly. It is just not possible to know from this record alone.

Neither Avrum nor Moische are listed in Kniga Skorboti or Yad Vashem. 

The following Mazewitskys are listed in Kniga Skorboti [3]:
  • David, son of Avrum, b. 1908
  • Shmul, son of Avrum, b. 1911
  • Leah Weisman, daughter of Monia Mazewsitsky, b. 1895
  • Brucha, daughter of Leib
  • Ensya, daughter of David, b. 1935
  • Tzila, daughter of David, b. 1938
David Weisman, a Shoah survivor and Israeli resident, submitted Pages of Testimony to Yad Vashem in 1999 for three Mazewitsky family members from Labun [4]
  • Shmulik, son of Monia and Tzipa, husband of Sonya, b. 1915
  • Sonya Weisman Mazewitsky, daughter of Leib, married to Shmulik, and 
  • Aron, their son, born in 1935 or 1938
Of interest, is a similar listing in Kniga Skorboti. Shmul, married to Sonya and with a preschooler son Aron, is listed as the son of Avrum. It appears that Avrum and Monia were the same person. It is not unusual for Jewish people to have two names - one in the vernacular (often used for legal purposes) and another for religious purposes.

I am not sure who Brucha was. Her entry in Kniga Skorboti says she was a housewife. But, there is no year of  birth, husband's name or maiden name listed.

Actions against Jewish residents of Labun resulted in two mass burials in the forests near Labun (see here and here) in 1941. Some residents were interred in the ghetto established in Polonnoye. Most did not escape death by their captors.

Save for those who left Europe before World War II and came to the United States, I am unaware of any Mazewitskys who survived the Shoah. They were all members of my family. Here it is my Mazewitsky family as I currently know it.  

For those whose lives were cut short:
may their memories be a blessing.

Notes:
1. New York County, New York, death certificate no. 12512 (1947), Isidore Morris, 22 December 1947; Municipal Archives, New York City.
2. Labun, Izyaslav Raion, Khmelnitskiy Oblast, Ukraine, 1912 Voter List; State Archive of Zhitomir, Fond 502.
   A short note on Voters' Lists in the Russian Empire (this summary is taken from Harry Boonin's Belarus Special Interest Group post). In response to increasing unrest, the Czar allowed creation of the Duma - a parliament. Duma Voters' Lists, showing those eligible to vote, were published in newspapers. Basic criteria for voting eligibility was males who were at least 24 years old. Additional criteria included payment of taxes and guild and professional membership.
3. Kniga Skorboti Ukraine, Khmelnitsky Oblast, volume 2 (Khmelnitsky, 2003).
   The multi-volume Kniga Skorboti [Book of Sorrows] used Ukrainian archival records to build lists of Shoah victims. Volume 2, which includes communities in the Kh'melnitskyy oblast, contains long lists of Labun and Polonnoye residents murdered during Nazi occupation.
4. Pages of Testimony for Mazewitsky from Labun, "The Central Database of Shoah Victims' Names," Yad Vashem (http://www/yadvashem.org : accessed January 2011).
From the pages submitted by David Weissman, it appears he was Sonya Weisman Mazewitsky's nephew (her brother's son).

18 April 2017

Tombstone Tuesday: Samuel and Eva Neuman, Montefiore Cemetery, Queens, New York

Samuel and Eva Neuman are one of those all-too-familiar couples whose family was affected by interruption of immigration during World War I. They lived apart for eight years before Eva was able to travel with their daughter Molly and join Sam in Chicago.

Samuel was the son of Eliya Neuman and was born in Shumsk, Kremenets Uyezd, Volhynia Gubernia, Russian Empire.[1] Only one record located, thus far, identifies his date of birth: 15 July 1881.[2] His passenger manifest listed him as a joiner. He became a carpenter in the United States.

Here lies
Simche son of Eliye
Died 16 Nisan 5711
May his soul be bound in the bonds of the living
SAMUEL
NEUMAN
DIED APR. 22, 1951
AGE 69 YEARS
----------
BELOVED HUSBAND
DEAR FATHER

After arriving in Baltimore on 12 March 1913, Simche headed to Chicago to join his cousin R. Greenberg. Eva, at that time called Rivka Leie, was in Labun, presumably staying with family.

Here lies
Our important and righteous mother
Rivka Leie daughter of Yisrael
Died 8 Av 5725
May her soul be bound in the bonds of the living
EVA 
NEUMAN
DIED JULY 25, 1966
AGE 81 YEARS

BELOVED MOTHER
GRANDMOTHER
GREAT GRANDMOTHER  

Rivka and her daughter Mania, age 9, arrived in New York City on the S.S. Lapland on 14 August 1921.[3] Before emigrating, Rivka and Mania had continued to live in Labun. Rivka reported that she left her mother Ruchla Szwacapol [Schwartzcapol] in Labun. She and her daughter, who was also born in Labun, were heading to Chicago to join Sam Neuman at 1922 W. Madison Street.

I have not located any additional record for the family in Chicago, but by the 1930 census enumeration, they lived in Brooklyn at 44 Boerum Street.[4] Molly, formerly Mania, was 19. Israel Neuman was 7 and had been born in New York.

In 1940, Sam, Eva, and Israel lived at 647 Sheffield Avenue, Brooklyn with Mollie, her husband Simon (or Sol) Smith and their two sons, Stanley R. and Herbert Smith.[5] Mollie and Sol married in November 1932.[6] 

Samuel's and Eva's graves are located in the First Lubiner Progressive Benevolent Association plot in block 89, gate 156N in Montefiore Cemetery. Sam's grave is in line 9R, grave 2 and Eva's is in line 9L, grave 3.

Notes:
1. Manifest, S.S. Hannover, 13 March 1913, list 17, line 13, Simche Neumann, age 31; images, "Baltimore Passenger Lists, 1820-1964," Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 17 April 2017).
2. U.S., World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942," images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 17 Aril 2017), card for Sam Neuman, serial no. U 966, Brooklyn, New York; NARA Record Group 147.
3. Manifest, S.S. Lapland, 14 August 1921, list 21, lines 11-12, Rywka Neiman, age 32, and Mania Neiman, age 9; images, New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1957," Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 23 April 2011).
4. 1930 U.S. census, Kings County, New York, population schedule, Brooklyn, enumeration district 24-178, sheet 1B, dwelling 2, family 20, Sam and Eva Neuman family; image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 10 November 2010); NARA microfilm publication T626, roll 1518.
5. 1940 U.S. census, Kings Co., NY, pop. sched., Brooklyn, e.d. 24-70, sheet 5A, household 79, Samuel and Eva Neuman family; image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 17 April 2017); NARA microfilm publication T627, roll 2548.
6. Kings County, New York, marriage certificate no. 16902 (1932), Sol Smith and Mollie Neuman, 27 November 1932; Municipal Archives, New York City.

11 April 2017

Tombstone Tuesday: Emil and Rozalia Berla, Beth Moses Cemetery, Pinelawn, NY

Nearly everyone I have previously profiled in my Tombstone Tuesday posts for the First Lubiner Progressive Benevolent Association burial plots have a demonstrable tie to the town of Lubin (aka Labun and, now, Yurovshchina, Ukraine). They were either born and/or raised there or were descended or related to someone who was. But, I do not yet understand why Emil and Rozalia Berla wound up in this landsmanshaft plot in Beth Moses Cemetery. [Update: I have had email communication with Emil and Rozalia's grandson and he reports that Rozalia's maternal uncle was Abe Krakowsky - a big macher in the First Lubiner Progressive Benevolent Association.]


FOREVER IN OUR HEARTS

Freidel Chaye daughter of Berel
May her soul be bound in the bonds of the living
ROZALIA BERLA
BELOVED WIFE
MOTHER
GRANDMOTHER
JUNE 13, 1924
DECEMBER 13, 2001

Manaim son of Yisrael
May his soul be bound in the bonds of the living
EMIL BERLA
BELOVED HUSBAND
FATHER
GRANDFATHER
DEC. 5, 1907
APR. 22, 1980

Both Emil and Rozalia survived the Holocaust. 

Emil was born in Halmeu, Satu Mari, Romania to Israel Berla and Loti Goldstein. During the war, Emil was imprisoned at Gross Rosen, Silesia (now Rogoznica, Poland) and Flossenburg - a forced labor camp in Bavaria.[1] His first wife and young daughter died. His parents were lost in Auschwitz in 1944.[2]

Rozalia was born in Cluj, Romania to Bernard Urbinder and Berta Wersberger.[3] Her parents and brother, Sol, died in Auschwitz. Her brother, Herschel, was reported missing in action while serving in the Hungarian Army. Rozalia held out hope, but never heard from him again.[4]

In 1971, when Emil was naturalized, they lived at 1565 Grand Concourse, Bronx, NY.[5] 

In 1991, when Rozalia filed Pages of Testimony with Yad Vashem, she lived at 1448 E. 96th Street, Brooklyn, NY.

In Googling their names, I found that Emil and Rozalia's grandson, an attorney, has established a scholarship in their names at Stony Brook University. The scholarship benefits a student who has shown excellence in history, especially history of the Holocaust.

Emil's and Rozalia's graves are located in the First Lubiner Progressive Benevolent Association plot, block 24, Maccabee Road, Beth Moses Cemetery, Pinelawn, New York.   

Notes:
1. "Gross Rosen Lists," entry for Emil Berla, born 5 December 1907; index, JewishGen (http://www.jewishgen.org : accessed 11 April 2017).
  "Flossenburg Prisoner Lists," entry for Emil Berla, born 5 December 1907; index, JewishGen (http://www.jewishgen.org : accessed 11 April 2017).
2. Edith Rosenbaum, Page of Testimony for Israel Berla, submitted 8 October 2010; images, Yad Vashem (http://www.yadvashem.org/ : accessed 11 April 2017).
3. "U.S., Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007," entry for Rozalia Urbinder Berla; index, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 20 December 2016).
4. Rosz Berla, Pages of Testimony for Bernard Urbinder, Berta Urbinder, Sol Urbinder and Herschel Urbinder, submitted 13 June 1991; images, Yad Vashem (http://www.yadvashem.org/ : accessed 11 April 2017). 
5. "New York, Index to Petitions for Naturalization Filed in New York City, 1792-1989," entry for Emil Berla, naturalization file no. 797839, U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York; image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 20 December 2016).

04 April 2017

Tombstone Tuesday: Alex Schwartz and Mollie Markowitz Schwartz, Beth Moses Cemetery, Pinelawn, New York

I love that the person who ordered a tombstone for Mollie Schwartz decided to honor her maiden name on her stone - a genealogist's dream come true. Having this bit of information made it possible to locate their marriage record (and parents' names). This additional information made identifying records for Mollie and her husband Alex Schwartz a bit easier.
SCHWARTZ

Malka daughter of Avraham Yitzchak
MOLLIE
DEARLY BELOVED
WIFE - MOTHER
GRANDMOTHER
OCT. 23, 1889
MARCH 27, 1961
NEE MARKOWITZ

Eliyahu son of Moshe Chaim
ALEX
DEARLY BELOVED
HUSBAND - FATHER
GRANDFATHER
APRIL 14, 1889
OCT. 23, 1958

May their souls be bound in the bonds of the living

Mollie was born in Buhusi, Romania (likely Buhu┼či) to Abraham and Bessie Markowitz and, according to her naturalization petition, arrived in New York in October 1900. I have been unable, thus far, to find her on a passenger manifest.[1]

Alex Schwartz was born in Labun to Morris and Sophie Bresner. He reported that he arrived in New York from Hamburg on the S.S. Batavia in October 1905.[2] Thus far, I have not been able to locate his passenger manifest record either. No Batavia voyage landed in New York in October 1905. I have also checked manifests for arrivals on 29 September and 18 November 1905 and Hamburg manifests. I have not seen a candidate passenger who may have been Alex Schwartz. I suppose records manifest from 1904 and 1906 will be next on the list to check. (I would not be surprised if his surname upon arrival was not Schwartz at all!)

Alex and Mollie married on 2 April 1911 in Manhattan.[3] 

By January 1920, the next record on which I have located the couple, they lived at either 1473 Second Avenue, in Manhattan.[4] Alexander Schwartz, a glazier, owned his own glass store. He and Molly had three daughters: Helen, Pearl and Adele.

In June 1925 they lived at 1447 2nd Avenue.[5]

Molly naturalized on 19 December 1927.[6] Alex became a citizen on 12 May 1930.[7]  

By April 1930, the family lived at 1491 Shakespeare Avenue in the Bronx.[8] And in 1940, the remained in the Bronx at 1161 Jerome Avenue.[9] By that time, their eldest daughter had married Elias Klein. Helen, Elias, and their son Arthur resided with family.

In 1942, Alex reported that his store was located at 1875 Straus Street in Brooklyn.[10]

There is a possibility that Alex was the brother of another glazier from  Labun, Samuel Schwartz (who was married to Eva). Both Sam's and Alex's tombstones indicate that their father's name was Moshe Chaim. While Sam's death certificate (informed by his daughter Ruth Schwartz Brown) shows his father as Morris and his mother as Shirley Simon, Alex's indexed marriage cert on FamilySearch indicates that  his father was Morris and his mother Sophie Bresner (It is always better to work from an original record, so a copy of Alex's marriage certificate has been ordered). As both the fathers' and mothers' names have likely been Anglicized without those named people ever living in the USA, the differences may be irrelevant. Mothers' last names, however, would require further work. It is possible that:
  • their fathers' same names is a coincidence; 
  • that they had the same father and different mother's, or 
  • that Ruth Brown was misinformed about her grandmother's maiden name.
The graves of Alex Schwartz and Mollie Markowitz Schwartz are located in the First Lubiner Progressive Benevolent Association plot in Beth Moses Cemetery, block 24, Maccabee Road, Pinelawn, Suffolk County, New York 

Notes:
1. Mollie Schwartz, petition for naturalization no. 92460 (1927), Southern District of New York; images, "New York, Naturalization Records, 1882-1944," Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 2 April 2017).
2. Alexander Schwartz, petition for naturalization no. 157964 (1930), Southern District of New York; images, "New York, Naturalization Records, 1882-1944," Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 2 April 2017).
3. "New York, New York City Marriage Records, 1829-1940," online index, FamilySearch (https://www.familysearch.org : accessed 2 April 2017); Alexander Schwartz and Mollie Markawitz, certificate no. 7591, 2 April 1911. [Copy of original record has been ordered from the NYC Municipal Archives.]
4. 1920 U.S. Census, New York County, New York, population schedule, Manhattan, enumeration district 1034, dwelling 2, family 113, Alexander and Molly [indexed as Miolly] Schwartz family; images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 2 April 2017); NARA microfilm publication T 625, roll 1211.
5. 1925 New York State Census, New York County, New York, enumeration of inhabitants, Manhattan, assembly district 14, election district 36, p. 40, entries 31-38, Alex and Molly Schwartz family; images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 2 April 2017); citing New York State Archives, Albany.
6. Mollie Schwartz, petition for naturalization no. 92460 (1927), Southern District of New York.
7. Alexander Schwartz, petition for naturalization no. 157964 (1930), Southern District of New Yor.
8. 1930 U.S. Census, Bronx County, NY, pop. sched., the Bronx, e.d. 3-168, sheet 2A, dwell. 10, fam. 43, Alex and Molly Schwartz family; images, Ancestry; NARA microfilm pub. T626, roll 1468.
9. 1940 U.S. Census, Bronx County, NY, pop. sched., the Bronx, e.d. 3-248B, sheet 2B, household 32, Alex and Molly Schwartz family; images, Ancestry; NARA microfilm pub. T627, roll 2466.
10. "U.S., World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942," images, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 2 April 2017); entry for Alexander Schwartz, Serial number U-357, Bronx, NY; citing NARA Record Group 147.